As part of the water cycle, groundwater soaks into the ground from rainfall and through surface water. Gravity draws the water down until it reaches a depth where the ground is saturated. A geological formation which can hold water or permit substantial water movement through it is known as an aquifer. In nature, water from aquifers is brought to the surface as a spring and wetlands. Humans can tap into aquifers via a borehole to access this latent ground water.

Water Use License (WUL)

With the water restrictions experienced around the country recently, we are all too aware that South Africa’s scarce water resources are under increasing pressure. To build a sustainable future, we need to use our water wisely – measuring how much water is used against the amount of water available. The aim of the Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS) is to “ensure some for all forever”. To gather the information that they need for the optimal management of water resources, certain water users need to obtain a Water Use License (WUL).

Not everyone that has a borehole needs a WUL; however, boreholes should be registered with the DWS. Those that do include various water discharge categories and those that are using water for:

  • Agriculture
  • Aquaculture
  • Irrigation
  • Watering livestock
  • Industrial
  • Mining
  • Power generation
  • Recreation

Monitoring Borehole Water Quality

Because borehole water can be contaminated by various elements, it is advisable to test the physical, chemical and bacteriological quality of your water. The tests are customised according to whether your borehole water is being used for domestic use, irrigation, livestock or farm use or manufacturing processes.

Digging Deeper

To learn more about our water quality monitoring and management services, contact us at Gondwana Environmental Solutions today.